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EBioMedicine. 2019 Sep;47:352-364. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2019.08.033. Epub 2019 Aug 28.

Hepatic nitric oxide synthase 1 adaptor protein regulates glucose homeostasis and hepatic insulin sensitivity in obese mice depending on its PDZ binding domain.

Author information

1
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Diabetes Mellitus, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, People's Republic of China; Shanghai Diabetes Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, People's Republic of China; Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai 200233, People's Republic of China.
2
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Diabetes Mellitus, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, People's Republic of China; Shanghai Diabetes Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, People's Republic of China; Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai 200233, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: wangchen@sjtu.edu.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

NOS1AP is an adaptor protein and its SNP rs12742393 was associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, it remains uncertain whether NOS1AP plays a role in regulation of insulin sensitivity. Hepatic insulin resistance contributed to the development of T2D. Here, our investigation was focused on whether NOS1AP is involved in the regulation of hepatic insulin sensitivity and its underlying mechanisms.

METHODS:

Liver specific NOS1AP condition knockout (CKO) and NOS1AP overexpression mice were generated and given a high fat diet. SNPs of NOS1AP gene were genotyped in 86 human subjects.

FINDINGS:

NOS1AP protein is expressed in human and mouse liver. CKO mice exhibited impaired pyruvate, glucose and insulin tolerance, and increased lipid deposits in the liver. Conversely, NOS1AP overexpression in livers of obese mice improved pyruvate and/or glucose, and insulin tolerance, and attenuated liver lipid accumulation. Moreover, hepatocytes from CKO mice exhibited an elevated glucose production and mRNA expressions of Pc and Pck1. Overexpression of NOS1AP potentiated insulin-stimulated activation of IR/Akt in livers from obese mice. The insulin sensitizing effect of NOS1AP could be mimicked by overexpression of C-terminal domain of NOS1AP in ob/ob mice. Furthermore, NOS1AP overexpression in liver significantly inhibited p38 MAPK phosphorylation, and maintained ER homeostasis through p-eIF2a-ATF4-CHOP pathway. Subjects with rsl2742393 of NOS1AP have higher risk to develop hepatic steatosis.

INTERPRETATION:

Our data demonstrate a novel role of NOS1AP in regulating hepatic insulin sensitivity and p38 MAPK inactivation in obese mice, which makes NOS1AP a potential therapeutic target for the prevention and treatment of T2D. FUND: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81670707, 31340072) (to C. Wang), and National Basic Research Program of China (Nation 973 Program) (2011CB504001) (to W. Jia).

KEYWORDS:

ER stress; Insulin sensitivity; Nitric oxide synthase 1 adaptor protein (NOS1AP); p38 MAPK

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