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In Vivo. 2019 Sep-Oct;33(5):1707-1712. doi: 10.21873/invivo.11660.

Outcomes of Triple-Combination Therapy for Chronic Tinnitus.

Juan YH1,2,3, Hsu CT4, Hwang JH5,6,7.

Author information

1
Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan, R.O.C.
2
Graduate Institute of Integrated Medicine, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C.
3
School of Post-Baccalaureate Chinese Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, R.O.C.
4
Department of Clinical Psychology, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan, R.O.C.
5
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan, R.O.C. g120796@tzuchi.com.tw.
6
School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, R.O.C.
7
Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM:

Patients with tinnitus suffer not only from auditory dysfunction but also physical, mental, and social difficulties. Our aim was to investigate the outcomes of our triple-combination therapy for chronic tinnitus, which includes narrow-band noise masking, auricular acupuncture and cognitive behavioral therapy.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

The tinnitus handicap inventory (THI) scores of 78 adults with chronic tinnitus who received triple-combination therapy for 12 weeks were analyzed retrospectively.

RESULTS:

There were 39 females and 39 males in this study. The mean age was 60.5 years [standard deviation (SD)=13.0, range=27-88 years] for all subjects. Mean pure tone average=39.5 decibel hearing level (SD=23.09). Pre-treatment mean THI score was 41.4 (SD=21.13), functional (F) subscore was 17.9 (SD=10.69), emotional (E) subscore was 10.6 (SD=6.87), and catastrophic (C) subscore was 12.9 (SD=4.85). Post-treatment THI total score was significantly lower compared to pre-treatment THI total score. Also, post-treatment subscores were significantly lower compared to pre-treatment subscores in F and C subsocres, but not in E subscore. In addition, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that coffee and tea consumption was significantly positively associated with a reduction of THI total score.

CONCLUSION:

Triple-combination therapy could be helpful for chronic tinnitus patients. It seemed that coffee and tea consumption may elicit increased improvement in conjunction with combined therapy for chronic tinnitus.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic tinnitus; acupuncture; coffee; cognitive behavioral therapy; combined therapy; narrow-band noise; tea

PMID:
31471428
PMCID:
PMC6755017
DOI:
10.21873/invivo.11660
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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