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PLoS One. 2019 Aug 30;14(8):e0222013. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222013. eCollection 2019.

MicroRNA regulation in colorectal cancer tissue and serum.

Author information

1
College of Medicine, Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, United States of America.
2
Department of General and Colorectal Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.
3
Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Laryngological Oncology in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.
4
Department of Otolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Zielona Gora, Zielona Gora, Poland.
5
Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, The Greater Poland Cancer Centre, Poznan, Poland.
6
Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

Abstract

Colorectal cancer is recognized as the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Thus, there is ongoing search for potential new biomarkers allowing quicker and less invasive detection of the disease and prediction of the treatment outcome. Therefore, the aim of our study was to identify colorectal cancer specific miRNAs expressed in cancerous and healthy tissue from the same patient and to further correlate the presence of the same miRNAs in the circulation as potential biomarkers for diagnosis. In the current study we detected a set of 40 miRNAs differentially regulated in tumor tissue when comparing with healthy tissue. Additionally, we found 8 miRNAs differentially regulated in serum of colorectal cancer patients. Interestingly, there was no overlap in miRNAs regulated in tissue and serum, suggesting that serum regulated miRNAs may be not actively secreted from colorectal tumor cells. However, four of differentially expressed miRNAs, including miR-21, miR-17, miR-20a and miR-32 represent the miRNAs characteristic for different tumor types, including breast, colon, lung, pancreas, prostate and stomach cancer. This finding suggests important groups of miRNAs which can be further validated as markers for diagnosis of tumor tissue and regulation of carcinogenesis.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

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