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J Cell Biochem. 1988 Sep;38(1):13-21.

(2'-5')An-dependent endoribonuclease: enzyme levels are regulated by IFN beta, IFN gamma, and cell culture conditions.

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1
Department of Zoology, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287.

Abstract

The levels of a (2'-5')An-dependent endonuclease (RNase L) were determined in extracts prepared from murine L cells and Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT) cells by measuring specific binding of protein to a labeled derivative of (2'-5')An, (2'-5')A3[32P]pCp. RNase L levels were found to depend both on interferon (IFN) treatment and on cell growth conditions. Treatment of murine L cells and EAT cells with 100-2,000 IRU IFN beta or IFN gamma resulted in a similar 2-4-fold increase in the levels of RNase L when cells were present at low density. The levels of RNase L were also shown to increase 2-3-fold as cells approached saturation density. Serum-starved cells also displayed relatively high levels of RNase L. RNase L levels in cells maintained at high cell density did not change appreciably following treatment with IFN beta or IFN gamma. Regulation of RNase L levels by cell growth conditions as well as by IFN beta or IFN gamma treatment suggests that RNase L may play an important role in regulating the levels of cellular mRNAs as well as acting to degrade viral RNAs.

PMID:
3146577
DOI:
10.1002/jcb.240380103
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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