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Dev Med Child Neurol. 2019 Aug 28. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.14338. [Epub ahead of print]

Episodic and chronic migraine in children.

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Department of Neurology, Division of Child and Adolescent Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.


Migraine is the most common acute and recurrent headache syndrome in children. This condition has unique clinical characteristics in the pediatric population, that can evolve with age, and significantly impact a child's quality of life, affecting their education, socialization, and family life. The purpose of this review is to describe the varied clinical features of migraine seen in children, and discuss potential treatment options for pediatric migraine, including chronic migraine. In many patients a multifaceted approach involving lifestyle changes, treatment of comorbid conditions, and pharmacological treatments are needed for optimal headache control. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS: Migraine presents as various phenotypes in children, sometimes evolving as the child ages. An expanded range of treatment options exists for the challenging chronic migraine patient.


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