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Biochemistry. 1988 Aug 23;27(17):6542-50.

Kinetics of accumulation and depletion of soluble newly synthesized histone in the reciprocal regulation of histone and DNA synthesis.

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Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


Procedures are presented which permit the identification and analysis of cellular histone that is not bound to chromatin. This histone, called soluble histone, could be distinguished from that bound to chromatin by the state of H4 modification and the lack of H2A ubiquitination. Changes in the levels of newly synthesized soluble histone were analyzed with respect to the balance between histone and DNA synthesis in hamster ovary cells. Pulse-chase protocols suggested that the chase of newly synthesized histone from the soluble fraction into chromatin may have two kinetic components with half-depletion times of about 1 and 40 min. When protein synthesis was inhibited, the pulse-chase kinetics of newly synthesized histone from the solubl fraction into chromatin were not significantly altered from those of the control. However, in contrast to the control, when protein synthesis was inhibited, DNA synthesis was also inhibited with kinetics similar to those of the chase of newly synthesized histone from the soluble fraction. There was a rapid decrease in the rate of DNA synthesis with a half-deceleration time of 1 min down to about 30% of the control rate, followed by a slower decrease with an approximate half-deceleration time of 40 min. When DNA synthesis was inhibited, newly synthesized histone accumulated in the soluble fraction, but H2A and H2B continued to complex with chromatin at a significant rate. Soluble histone in G1 cells showed the same differential partitioning of H4/H3 and H2A/H2B between the soluble and chromatin-bound fractions as was found in cycling cells with inhibited DNA synthesis. These results support a unified model of reciprocal regulatory mechanisms between histone and DNA synthesis in the assembly of chromatin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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