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J Educ Health Promot. 2019 Jul 29;8:146. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_461_18. eCollection 2019.

A correlational study of hope and its relationship with spiritual health on hemodialysis patients.

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Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.



One of the main psychological problems in hemodialysis patients is hopelessness. Spiritual health leads the patients toward hope and goal in life. Given the importance of the issue and the little research in this area, this study aimed to assess hope and its relationship with spiritual health on hemodialysis patients in Rasht Razi Hospital of Iran.


This correlational study carried out on 103 patients who admitted in Rasht Razi Hospital Hemodialysis Center by simple random sampling. The data were collected through Snyder's Hope Scale and Spiritual Health. The psychomotricity of these questionnaires has been confirmed in domestic studies. The data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation coefficient).


The majority of the patients were male (59.2%), in the age group of above 60 (46.60%), married (83.5%), with low income (60.2%), and under diploma (53.4%). The mean of hope score was 36.36 (±9.10) that showed the high level of hope in the majority of the patients. The mean of the total spiritual health score was 227.93 (±19.01) that indicates the high level of spiritual health in hemodialysis patients. There was a positive and significant correlation between spiritual health and its dimensions and hope (P < 0.05).


The results of this study approve the importance of spiritual health as an effective variable on hope among hemodialysis patients. Hence, health-care providers and clinical experts are recommended to focus on spiritual health to increase hope among such patients.


Hemodialysis; hope; spiritual health

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