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J Educ Health Promot. 2019 Jul 29;8:141. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_240_18. eCollection 2019.

Integration of information and communication technology in nursing education in Southeast Asia: A systematic literature review.

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Department of Adult Health Nursing, School of Nursing, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria.
Department of Computer Studies, College of Computer Studies, Silliman University, Dumaguete, Negros Oriental, Philippines.
Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Silliman University, Dumaguete, Negros Oriental, Philippines.



The integration of information and communication technology (ICT) in education has been a major agenda of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and its adoption has been found effective in nursing education.


This study aims to identify and review existing literature on ICT integration in nursing education within the context of Southeast Asia and to identify the themes of these studies, ICT tools of concern and the research methods adopted.


A systematic review of six eligible literatures was conducted with thematic analysis. The data for this systematic review of literature are from published studies based on the formulated research question. Electronic databases of Medline, Scopus, PubMed, CINAHL, Mendeley, and Google Scholar were searched and literatures retrieved and screened for eligibility. No date limit was considered in the literature search. This systematic review utilized the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses.


The studies originated from the Philippines (n = 3), Malaysia (n = 2), and Singapore (n = 1). One study originated from both the Philippines and Thailand. Four themes emerged from the thematic analysis which include: (1) use of ICT to enhance teaching and learning in nursing, (2) challenges with ICT integration in nursing education, (3) attitude and perceptions toward ICT integration in nursing education, and (4) suggestions for improvement. The most important ICT tools were computers, projectors, and internet. Majority of the studies were descriptive quantitative studies.


Despite increasing concern on the use of ICT in Southeast Asia, ICT integration in nursing education has not been given significant attention. Governments of the Southeast Asian countries should provide sufficient support for ICT integration in the various nursing institutions. Institutional administrators are encouraged to key into the ICT trend and render their support when and where necessary.


Information and communication technology; Southeast Asia; nursing education

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