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Acta Haematol. 1988;80(4):203-9.

Cell-mediated toxicity of interleukin-2-activated lymphocytes against autologous and allogeneic human myeloma cells.

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Laboratory of Hematopoietic Cell Kinetics and Hematology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York.


We studied the sensitivity of human myeloma (plasma cell leukemia) toward autologous and allogeneic lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells. Fresh plasma cell leukemia (PCL)-derived peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and PBMC from 3 normal donors were cultured in the presence of recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL2; 1,000 U/ml) for subsequent use as cytotoxic effectors against fresh and continuously cultured myeloma cells. Target cell lysis was measured in a 4-hour 51Cr radioisotope release assay. At an effector to target (E:T) ratio of 50:1, rIL2-induced PCL-PBMC lysed 48 +/- 19% (mean +/- 1 SD) of autologous myeloma targets, as compared to 89 +/- 5, 95 +/- 15, and 100 +/- 9% lysis of standard LAK-sensitive Daudi cells and allogeneic myeloma cell lines SKO-007, and RPMI-8226, respectively. Normal PBMC-derived rIL2-induced (LAK) cells exhibited a slightly lower cytotoxic reactivity against allogeneic targets (61 +/- 9, 60 +/- 6, and 81 +/- 8% cytolysis of SKO-007, RPMI-8226, and Daudi cells, respectively, at a 50:1 E:T ratio). Cytotoxicity against myeloma (PCL) of autologous PCL-derived killer cells could be significantly (at least 2-fold) enhanced when rIL-2-induced effector cells were preincubated for 18 h in the presence of recombinant Interferon-alpha rIFN-alpha; 1,000 U/ml). In summary, our results indicate the potential antitumor efficacy of rIL2- and rIL2 + rIFN-alpha-activated killer cells in human myeloma (PCL).

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