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ACS Omega. 2019 May 30;4(5):9502-9511. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.9b00709. eCollection 2019 May 31.

Neutral Imino-Methyl Benzenesulfonate-Ligated Pd(II) Complexes and Implications in Ethylene Polymerization.

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Polyolefin Lab, Polymer Science and Engineering Division, and Center for Materials Characterization, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pune 411008, India.
Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Anusandhan Bhawan, 2 Rafi Marg, New Delhi 110001, India.


A reaction between sodium 2-formylbenzenesulfonate and aniline revealed the near-quantitative (91%) formation of sodium-2-((phenylimino)methyl)benzenesulfonate L1. The identity of L1 was unambiguously ascertained using spectroscopic and analytical methods. The scope of this methodology was widened and various electron-donating amines were treated with sodium 2-formylbenzenesulfonate, and a small library of 6 imine ligands L2-L6 was generated. When L2 was treated with [(COD)PdMeCl], instead of the anticipated [L2PdMe(DMSO)] complex, the formation of [(DMSO)2Pd2Cl2Me2] Pd-Dim was observed. Nevertheless, the desired imino-methyl benzenesulfonate-ligated palladium complex [L2PdMe(Lu)] C1 was obtained by in situ abstraction of chloride and addition of bulky 2,6-lutidine as the donor group. The observation of characteristic Pd-Me protons at 0.06 ppm and the corresponding carbon at -8.1 ppm indicated the formation of C1. These 1D NMR observations were corroborated by 2D C-H correlation spectra and mass analysis, and the existence of C1 was unambiguously ascertained. Along the same lines, L4 and L5 were treated with a palladium precursor to produce [L4/5PdMe(Lu)]-type complexes C2-C3 in 55-84% yield, and their identity was established by using a combination of spectroscopic tools, analytical methods, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The synthetic utility of C1-C3 has been demonstrated by utilizing these complexes in the insertion polymerization of ethylene to polyethylene.

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