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ACS Omega. 2018 Jul 17;3(7):7944-7954. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.8b01009. eCollection 2018 Jul 31.

Selective Oxidation of Biomass-Derived Alcohols and Aromatic and Aliphatic Alcohols to Aldehydes with O2/Air Using a RuO2-Supported Mn3O4 Catalyst.

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Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar 140001, India.
Surface Physics and Material Science Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF, Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700 064, India.


Selective catalytic oxidation of carbohydrate-derived 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, furfuryl alcohol, and various aromatic and aliphatic compounds to the corresponding aldehyde is a challenging task. The development of a sustainable heterogeneous catalyst is crucial in achieving high selectivity for the desired aldehyde, especially using O2 or air. In this study, a RuO2-supported Mn3O4 catalyst is reported for the selective oxidation reaction. Treatment of MnO2 molecular sieves with RuCl3 in aqueous formaldehyde solution gives a new type of RuO2-supported Mn3O4 catalyst. Detailed catalyst characterization using powder X-ray diffraction, N2 adsorption, scanning and transmission electron microscopes, diffuse reflectance UV-visible spectrometer, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy proves that the RuO2 species are dispersed on the highly crystalline Mn3O4 surface. This catalytic conversion process involves molecular oxygen or air (flow, 10 mL/min) as an oxidant. No external oxidizing reagent, additive, or cocatalyst is required to carry out this transformation. This oxidation protocol affords 2,5-diformylfuran, 2-formylfuran, and other aromatic and aliphatic aldehydes in good to excellent yield (70-99%). Moreover, the catalyst is easily recycled and reused without any loss in the catalytic activity.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no competing financial interest.

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