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Curr Mol Med. 2019;19(10):731-738. doi: 10.2174/1566524019666190828151540.

Identification of Phosphorylation Associated SNPs for Blood Pressure, Coronary Artery Disease and Stroke from Genome-wide Association Studies.

Wang X1,2,3, Mo X1,2,3, Zhang H1,3, Zhang Y1,3, Shen Y1,4.

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Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Preventive and Translational Medicine for Geriatric Diseases, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, China.
Center for Genetic Epidemiology and Genomics, School of Public Health, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, China.
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123.
Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, China.



Phosphorylation-related SNP (phosSNP) is a non-synonymous SNP that might influence protein phosphorylation status. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of phosSNPs on blood pressure (BP), coronary artery disease (CAD) and ischemic stroke (IS).


We examined the association of phosSNPs with BP, CAD and IS in shared data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and tested if the disease loci were enriched with phosSNPs. Furthermore, we performed quantitative trait locus analysis to find out if the identified phosSNPs have impacts on gene expression, protein and metabolite levels.


We found numerous phosSNPs for systolic BP (count=148), diastolic BP (count=206), CAD (count=20) and IS (count=4). The most significant phosSNPs for SBP, DBP, CAD and IS were rs1801131 in MTHFR, rs3184504 in SH2B3, rs35212307 in WDR12 and rs3184504 in SH2B3, respectively. Our analyses revealed that the associated SNPs identified by the original GWAS were significantly enriched with phosSNPs and many well-known genes predisposing to cardiovascular diseases contain significant phosSNPs. We found that BP, CAD and IS shared for phosSNPs in loci that contain functional genes involve in cardiovascular diseases, e.g., rs11556924 (ZC3HC1), rs1971819 (ICA1L), rs3184504 (SH2B3), rs3739998 (JCAD), rs903160 (SMG6). Four phosSNPs in ADAMTS7 were significantly associated with CAD, including the known functional SNP rs3825807. Moreover, the identified phosSNPs seemed to have the potential to affect transcription regulation and serum levels of numerous cardiovascular diseases-related proteins and metabolites.


The findings suggested that phosSNPs may play important roles in BP regulation and the pathological mechanisms of CAD and IS.


Blood pressure; coronary artery disease; genome-wide association study; phosSNP; quantitative trait locus; stroke.

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