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Regen Med. 2019 Sep;14(9):867-886. doi: 10.2217/rme-2019-0062. Epub 2019 Aug 28.

Toward a unified theory of aging and regeneration.

Author information

1
AgeX Therapeutics, Inc., Alameda, CA 94501, USA.
2
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA.
3
Juvenescence Ltd, London, UK.
4
SENS Research Foundation, Mountain View, CA 94041, USA.

Abstract

Growing evidence supports the antagonistic pleiotropy theory of mammalian aging. Accordingly, changes in gene expression following the pluripotency transition, and subsequent transitions such as the embryonic-fetal transition, while providing tumor suppressive and antiviral survival benefits also result in a loss of regenerative potential leading to age-related fibrosis and degenerative diseases. However, reprogramming somatic cells to pluripotency demonstrates the possibility of restoring telomerase and embryonic regeneration pathways and thus reversing the age-related decline in regenerative capacity. A unified model of aging and loss of regenerative potential is emerging that may ultimately be translated into new therapeutic approaches for establishing induced tissue regeneration and modulation of the embryo-onco phenotype of cancer.

KEYWORDS:

AMPK; DNA methylation; acetyl-CoA; aging; dietary restriction; epigenetics; mTOR; pluripotent stem cells; regeneration

PMID:
31455183
DOI:
10.2217/rme-2019-0062
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