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Sex Transm Dis. 2019 Aug 23. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001057. [Epub ahead of print]

Male Partner Linkage to Clinic-based Services for Sexually Transmitted infections and HIV.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington.
2
Department of Research and Programs, Kenyatta National Hospital.
3
Department of Reproductive Health, Kenyatta National Hospital.
4
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nairobi.
5
Computer Science and Engineering and Public Health.
6
Public Health University of Washington.
7
Allina Health.
8
Departments of Biostatistics.
9
Global Health.
10
Medicine.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Home-based HIV testing and education has increased HIV test uptake and access to health services among men. We studied how a home-based antenatal intervention influenced male partner utilization of clinic-based HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) services, linkage to HIV care and medical circumcision.

METHODS:

We conducted a secondary analysis within a randomized controlled trial of pregnant women attending antenatal care in Kenya. Women and their male partners received either a home-based couple intervention or an invitation letter for clinic-based couple HIV testing. The home-based intervention included education on STI symptoms, STI and HIV treatment and male circumcision for HIV prevention. Male self-reported outcomes were compared using relative risks at 6 months postpartum RESULTS: Among 525 women, we reached 487 of their male partners (93%); 247 men in the intervention arm and 240 men in the control arm. Men who received the intervention were more likely to report an STI consultation [n=47 vs. 16; RR=1.59; 95%CI=1.33-1.89]. Among 23 men with newly diagnosed HIV, linkage to HIV care was reported by 4 of 15 in the intervention (3 men had missing linkage data) and 3 of 5 men in the control arms [RR=0.66; 95%CI: 0.34-1.29 ]. While the intervention identified 3 times more men with new HIV infection, the study lacked power to find significant differences in linkage to HIV care. Few eligible men sought medical circumcision (4 of 72 intervention and 2 of 88 control).

CONCLUSIONS:

Home-based couple education and testing increased STI consultations among male partners of pregnant women, but appeared insufficient to overcome the barriers involved in linkage to HIV care and medical circumcision.

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