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Mol Microbiol. 1988 Nov;2(6):727-33.

Germination-specific cortex-lytic enzyme is activated during triggering of Bacillus megaterium KM spore germination.

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Department of Botany, University of Cambridge, UK.


Antibodies were raised against purified germination-specific cortex-lytic enzyme (GSLE) from spores of Bacillus megaterium KM which neutralized the ability of GSLE to germinate permeabilized spores. Western blotting of dormant spore and vegetative cell fractions separated by SDS-PAGE demonstrated that GSLE is spore-specific and that greater than 90% of the GSLE is associated with the dormant spore cortex peptidoglycan as a phosphorylated 63kD pro-form, which could only be visualized after lysozyme digestion of the peptidoglycan. During germination, the 63kD pro-form of GSLE is processed to release the active enzyme, which had an apparent molecular weight of 30kD. Inhibitor studies demonstrated that GSLE activation occurs as part of the commitment reaction and thus represents the first-identified enzymatic event to occur during germination triggering. Proteins that cross-react with anti-GSLE sera are present in spore fractions of other species.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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