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J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2019;21(6):332-342. doi: 10.1080/14764172.2019.1658878. Epub 2019 Aug 26.

Formulation and evaluation of UV protective synbiotic skin care topical formulation.

Author information

1
Department of pharmaceutics, I.S.F. College of Pharmacy , Moga , Punjab , India.
2
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan (Deemed to be University) , Bhubaneswar , Odisha , India.

Abstract

Objective: The objective of current study to investigate the photo protective potential of synbiotic formulation comprising of prebiotic and probiotic. Methods: Selenium nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical reduction method and investigated for physical-chemical properties including morphology, physical state, and free radical scavenging potential. Selection of probiotic biomass was made on the free radical scavenging potential by using NO assay. A topical w/o emulsion-based cream was prepared with screened ingredients to achieve a stable product with optimum free radical scavenging potential. The finished product was investigated for various mechanical, physiochemical, and viscoelastic characteristics. The SPF of optimized formulation was determined in UV-stimulated Wistar rat model. Results: Results indicated that the finished product shows nanoscale feature of elemental selenium. Cream comprising of potential free radical reagent (Selenium nanoparticles with IC50 50.097 µg/ml and biomass of Lactobacillus rhamnosus have IC50 61.63 µg/ml) exhibits a SPF of 29.77. Optimized skin care formulation has desirable physiochemical and viscoelastic properties required for topical application. Histopathology and Draize test indicated the finished product does not show any sign of skin toxicity. Conclusion: Results inferred that topical formulation combining the features of selenium and probiotic biomass offer an effective alternative for the treatment of sunburn complications.

KEYWORDS:

Cream; Prebiotics; Probiotics; SPF; Skin toxicity

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