Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Affect Disord. 2019 Aug 12;259:128-134. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2019.08.017. [Epub ahead of print]

Prolonged mobile phone use is associated with depressive symptoms in Chinese adolescents.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
2
Shandong University School of Public Health, Jinan, China.
3
Shandong University School of Public Health, Jinan, China. Electronic address: jiacunxian@sdu.edu.cn.
4
Shandong University School of Public Health, Jinan, China; South China Normal University School of Psychology, Guangzhou, China; Center for Public Health Initiatives, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: xclpsymd@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Prolonged screen time has negative impacts on health and well-being. This study examined the association between the duration of mobile phone use (DMPU) and depressive symptoms in a large sample of Chinese adolescents.

METHODS:

11,831 adolescent students participated in the baseline Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort (SABHC) survey in Shandong, China in 2015. A self-administered questionnaire was used to measure DMPU on weekdays and the weekend, sleep, mental health, and family environment. The Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and Youth Self-Report (YSR) depression scales were used to assess depressive symptoms.

RESULTS:

The mean age of participants was 15.0 (SD = 1.5) and 51% were male. The prevalence of depressive symptoms increased with prolonged DMPU. After adjusting for adolescent and family covariates, DMPU ≥ 2 h/day on weekdays (OR = 1.78, 95%CI = 1.48-2.15) and ≥ 5 h/day on the weekend (OR = 1.67, 95%CI = 1.41-1.98) was associated with increased risk of depressive symptoms as assessed by CES-D. The DMPU-depression association was found to be partially mediated by short sleep duration or insomnia. Similar associations were observed for depression as assessed by YSR.

STUDY LIMITATION:

This is a cross-sectional survey. Mobile phone use and depressive symptoms were measured by self-report.

CONCLUSIONS:

Prolonged mobile phone use of ≥ 2 h on weekdays and ≥ 5 h on the weekend is associated with an increased risk of depressive symptoms. The association appears to be partially mediated by sleep disturbances.

KEYWORDS:

Depression; Insomnia; Mobile phone use; Sleep

PMID:
31450134
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2019.08.017

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center