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J Altern Complement Med. 2019 Aug 26. doi: 10.1089/acm.2019.0050. [Epub ahead of print]

The Effect of t'ai chi on Quality of Life in Centrally Obese Adults with Depression.

Author information

1
School of Life Sciences, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
2
School of Wushu, Wuhan Sport University, Wuhan, China.
3
The University of Queensland School of Medicine, Brisbane, Australia.
4
The University of Queensland School of Public Health, Brisbane, Australia.
5
Department of Cardiology, Mater Health Services, Brisbane, Australia.
6
The University of Queensland School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, Brisbane, Australia.

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this pilot study was to assess the effects of a t'ai chi program on health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) in centrally obese adults with depression. Methods: Two hundred thirteen participants were randomly allocated to either a t'ai chi intervention group (n = 106) or a usual medical care control group (n = 107). The t'ai chi group involved 3 × 1.5 h supervised and group-based training sessions per week for 24 weeks. Indicators of HR-QOL were assessed by questionnaire at baseline, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks. Results: There were significant improvements in favor of the t'ai chi group for the SF-36 subscales of physical functioning (p < 0.01), role physical (p < 0.01), and role emotional (p < 0.01) at 12 and 24 weeks. Scores for bodily pain were improved in the control group at 12 weeks (p < 0.01) and 24 weeks (p < 0.05), but not in the t'ai chi group. There was also a significant improvement in favor of the control group in general health (p < 0.05) at 12 weeks, but not at 24 weeks. A further analysis showed clinically significant changes in favor of the t'ai chi group in physical functioning (p < 0.05 or p = 0.05), role physical (p < 0.05), and role emotional (p < 0.05), and in favor of the control group in bodily pain (p < 0.05) at 12 and 24 weeks. Conclusions: The findings show that t'ai chi exercise improved indicators of HR-QOL including physical functioning, role physical, and role emotional in centrally obese adults with depression.

KEYWORDS:

; central obesity; depression; exercise; quality of life

PMID:
31448950
DOI:
10.1089/acm.2019.0050

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