Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Patient Educ Couns. 2020 Jan;103(1):208-213. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2019.08.019. Epub 2019 Aug 16.

Diabetes disclosure strategies in adolescents and young adult with type 1 diabetes.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, 1102 Bates Ave Suite 940, Houston, TX 77030, United States. Electronic address: Dr.Pihlaskari@houstonpsychologyandwellness.com.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, 1102 Bates Ave Suite 940, Houston, TX 77030, United States. Electronic address: bja@bcm.edu.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, 1102 Bates Ave Suite 940, Houston, TX 77030, United States. Electronic address: sseshtehardi@uh.edu.
4
Diabetes Translational Research Center, Indiana University School of Medicine, 410 West 10th St. Suite 2000A, Indianapolis, IN 46202, United States. Electronic address: brmmckin@iu.edu.
5
Diabetes Translational Research Center, Indiana University School of Medicine, 410 West 10th St. Suite 2000A, Indianapolis, IN 46202, United States. Electronic address: dgmarrero@email.arizona.edu.
6
USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Street, Houston, TX 77030, United States. Electronic address: dit@bcm.edu.
7
Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, 1102 Bates Ave Suite 940, Houston, TX 77030, United States. Electronic address: marisa.hilliard@bcm.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Adolescence and young adulthood have social and developmental challenges that can impact type 1 diabetes (T1D) management. New relationships (e.g. friends, schoolmates, dating partners, teachers, employers) introduce opportunities for disclosure of T1D status. Characterizing how adolescents and young adults (AYAs) disclose having T1D to others may help inform clinical strategies to help AYAs ensure their safety by obtaining social support.

METHODS:

As part of a study about diabetes health-related quality of life across the lifespan, transcriptions of semi-structured qualitative interviews with AYAs with T1D (n = 16, age 12-25 years, mean age 18.7 ± 4.9, 38% female) were coded to derive themes related to T1D disclosure.

RESULTS:

Participants described three disclosure strategies: (1) Open Disclosure: shares T1D status in straightforward, direct manner and readily requests diabetes-related support; (2) Disclosure Hesitancy: reluctant to tell others about or actively hides having T1D; (3) Passive Disclosure: discloses T1D via other people (e.g., parents) or through others' observation of T1D management tasks.

CONCLUSION:

AYAs may benefit from guidance in approaches to informing others about having T1D in different contexts. Identifying individuals' use of these strategies can inform education and intervention strategies aimed at engaging AYAs in healthy T1D-related disclosure to seek and receive support.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescence; Type 1 diabetes; Young adulthood

PMID:
31447195
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2019.08.019

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center