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eNeuro. 2019 Sep 9;6(5). pii: ENEURO.0207-19.2019. doi: 10.1523/ENEURO.0207-19.2019. Print 2019 Sep/Oct.

Large-Scale Networks for Auditory Sensory Gating in the Awake Mouse.

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Functional Brain Mapping Lab., Department of Basic Neurosciences, University of Geneva, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
Functional Brain Mapping Lab., Department of Basic Neurosciences, University of Geneva, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland.
Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark.
Division of Neurosurgery, University Hospitals of Geneva, University of Geneva, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland.
Centre for Biomedical Imaging (CIBM), CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.


The amplitude of the brain response to a repeated auditory stimulus is diminished as compared to the response to the first tone (T1) for interstimulus intervals (ISI) lasting up to hundreds of milliseconds. This adaptation process, called auditory sensory gating (ASG), is altered in various psychiatric diseases including schizophrenia and is classically studied by focusing on early evoked cortical responses to the second tone (T2) using 500-ms ISI. However, mechanisms underlying ASG are still not well-understood. We investigated ASG in awake mice from the brainstem to cortex at variable ISIs (125-2000 ms) using high-density EEG and intracerebral recordings. While ASG decreases at longer ISIs, it is still present at durations (500-2000 ms) far beyond the time during which brain responses to T1 could still be detected. T1 induces a sequence of specific stable scalp EEG topographies that correspond to the successive activation of distinct neural networks lasting about 350 ms. These brain states remain unaltered if T2 is presented during this period, although T2 is processed by the brain, suggesting that ongoing networks of brain activity are active for longer than early evoked-potentials and are not overwritten by an upcoming new stimulus. Intracerebral recordings demonstrate that ASG is already present at the level of ventral cochlear nucleus (vCN) and inferior colliculus and is amplified across the hierarchy in bottom-up direction. This study uncovers the extended stability of sensory-evoked brain states and long duration of ASG, and sheds light on generators of ASG and possible interactions between bottom-up and top-down mechanisms.


auditory cortex; brain state; cochlear nucleus; inferior colliculus; large-scale networks; sensory gating

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