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BMC Nephrol. 2019 Aug 23;20(1):332. doi: 10.1186/s12882-019-1489-5.

Expression of THSD7A in neoplasm tissues and its relationship with proteinuria.

Author information

1
Renal Division and Institute of Nephrology, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, No. 32, West 2nd Duan, 1st Circle Road, Qingyang District, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China, 610072.
2
Department of Pathology, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, No. 32, West 2nd Duan, 1st Circle Road, Qingyang District, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China, 610072.
3
Renal Division and Institute of Nephrology, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, No. 32, West 2nd Duan, 1st Circle Road, Qingyang District, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China, 610072. liguisen@med.uestc.edu.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Thrombospondin type 1 domain containing 7A (THSD7A) was recently identified target autoantigen in membranous nephropathy (MN). However, patients with positive THSD7A expression were prone to have malignancies. THSD7A was found to be expressed in a variety of malignant tumors. In this study, we investigated the histologic expression of THSD7A in colorectal or breast cancers, as well as the relationship between THSD7A expression and proteinuria in the patients with cancers.

METHOD:

A total of 101 patients were enrolled in the study, 81 of them had colorectal cancer and 20 had breast cancer. THSD7A expression was detected by immunohistochemical staining in tumor tissues. The clinical and laboratory parameters of these patients before their tumor resection were collected.

RESULTS:

Positive expression rates of THSD7A in the two types of tumor tissues were very high, 97.5% in colorectal cancer, and 100% in breast cancer. THSD7A expression was also detected in lymph nodes of two patients with lymph node metastasis. Total 11 patients (10.9%) had proteinuria before surgery. Among the 4 patients who had proteinuria and were followed up, the proteinuria of 3 patients disappeared after surgery.

CONCLUSIONS:

The positive rate of THSD7A expression was very high in human colorectal cancer or breast cancer. It might be an important link between malignant tumors and kidney diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Breast cancer; Colorectal cancer; Membranous nephropathy; Proteinuria; Thrombospondin type 1 domain containing 7A

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