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Stud Health Technol Inform. 2019 Aug 21;264:383-387. doi: 10.3233/SHTI190248.

Detecting Systemic Data Quality Issues in Electronic Health Records.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Informatics, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

Secondary analysis of electronic health records for clinical research faces significant challenges due to known data quality issues in health data observationally collected for clinical care and the data biases caused by standard healthcare processes. In this manuscript, we contribute methodology for data quality assessment by plotting domain-level (conditions (diagnoses), drugs, and procedures) aggregate statistics and concept-level temporal frequencies (i.e., annual prevalence rates of clinical concepts). We detect common temporal patterns in concept frequencies by normalizing and clustering annual concept frequencies using K-means clustering. We apply these methods to the Columbia University Irving Medical Center Observational Medical Outcomes Partnership database. The resulting domain-aggregate and cluster plots show a variety of patterns. We review the patterns found in the condition domain and investigate the processes that shape them. We find that these patterns suggest data quality issues influenced by system-wide factors that affect individual concept frequencies.

KEYWORDS:

Cluster Analysis; Data Accuracy; Electronic Health Records

PMID:
31437950
DOI:
10.3233/SHTI190248
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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