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J Biol Chem. 1988 Dec 15;263(35):18911-9.

Isolation and characterization of human lysosomal membrane glycoproteins, h-lamp-1 and h-lamp-2. Major sialoglycoproteins carrying polylactosaminoglycan.

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La Jolla Cancer Research Foundation, California 92037.


Two major lysosomal membrane glycoproteins with apparent Mr approximately 120,000 were purified from chronic myelogenous leukemia cells. These glycoproteins are major sialoglycoproteins containing polylactosaminoglycan and represent approximately 0.1-0.2% of total cell proteins. A monoclonal antibody specific to one of the glycoproteins and polyclonal antibodies specific to the other glycoprotein were obtained. Immunoelectron microscopic examination of HeLa cells revealed that these two glycoproteins mainly reside in lysosomes and multivesicular bodies. Immunoprecipitation experiments showed that a number of different cell lines express these glycoproteins. However, the apparent molecular weights differed between cell lines; this probably represents differences in the amount of polylactosaminoglycan expressed by each cell line. As shown in the following paper (Fukuda, M., Viitala, J., Matteson, J., and Carlsson, S. R. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 18920-18928) one of the glycoproteins is very homologous to that of a mouse counterpart, m-lamp-1. The human form of this glycoprotein is therefore named human lamp-1 (h-lamp-1), while the other glycoprotein, to which the monoclonal antibody was made, is called human lamp-2 (h-lamp-2). Pulse-chase labeling experiments detected that h-lamp-1 and h-lamp-2 are produced first as precursor forms of 87.5 and 84 kDa, and treatment with endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase H (endo-H) or endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase F (endo-F) reduced their molecular masses to 39.5 and 41.5 kDa, respectively. It was estimated that h-lamp-1 has 18 N-linked saccharides and h-lamp-2 16, based on the results of partial digestions with endo-F. These results indicate that the two lysosomal membrane glycoproteins are extensively modified by N-glycans, and some of these were found to have polylactosaminyl repeats and sialic acid. Human lamp-1 and lamp-2, therefore, serve as good models for understanding polylactosaminoglycan formation and the biosynthesis and processing of polylactosaminoglycan-containing glycoprotein.

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