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Nanomaterials (Basel). 2019 Aug 20;9(8). pii: E1183. doi: 10.3390/nano9081183.

Catalytic Reduction of Hexavalent Chromium Using Iron/Palladium Bimetallic Nanoparticle-Assembled Filter Paper.

Author information

1
Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Fiber Materials and Manufacturing Technology, College of Materials and Textiles, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China.
2
College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China.
3
Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Fiber Materials and Manufacturing Technology, College of Materials and Textiles, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China. yzhao@zstu.edu.cn.
4
Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Fiber Materials and Manufacturing Technology, College of Materials and Textiles, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China. jxiong@zstu.edu.cn.
5
College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China. xshi@dhu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Iron/palladium bimetallic nanoparticles (Fe/Pd NPs) are important catalytic materials for the field of environmental remediation. In the present study, filter paper was employed as a substrate for the assembly of Fe/Pd NPs and further applied for the catalytic conversion of hexavalent chromium Cr(VI) toward trivalent Cr(III). First, a filter paper with negative charge was assembled with a layer of positively charged polyethylenimine (PEI) through electrostatic interaction; then, the abundant amine groups of PEI were used to complex Fe(III) ions, followed by reduction via sodium borohydride to produce an Fe NP-assembled filter paper. Thereafter, the Fe/Pd NPs were produced by the reduction of PdCl42- through Fe NPs. The prepared filter paper assembled with Fe/Pd NPs with a mean diameter of 10.1 nm was characterized by various techniques. The Fe/Pd NP-assembled filter paper possesses powerful catalytic activity and can be used to transform Cr(VI) to Cr(III). With its low cost, high sustainability, and convenient industrialization potential, the developed approach may be extended to produce other bimetallic NP-immobilized filter paper for different environmental remediation applications.

KEYWORDS:

Cr(VI); Fe/Pd nanoparticles; catalysis; filter paper

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