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Am Rev Respir Dis. 1988 Aug;138(2):345-9.

Daytime pulmonary hypertension in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

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Pulmonary Function Laboratory, University Hospital, Strasbourg, France.


The frequency of daytime pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has not been well established and its mechanisms are still under debate. We have thus performed right heart catheterization, in addition to standard spirography and arterial blood gas measurements, in a series of 46 consecutive patients in whom OSAS was firmly diagnosed by whole-night polysomnography. Only 9 of the 46 patients (20%) had PH defined by a mean resting pulmonary arterial pressure (Ppa) greater than or equal to 20 mm Hg. Among the patients without resting PH, 14 had exercising PH (defined by a Ppa greater than 30 mm Hg during 40-watt, steady-state exercise). Patients with resting PH differed from the others by a lower daytime PaO2 (60.8 +/- 7.6 versus 76.2 +/- 9.4 mm Hg; p less than 0.001), a higher daytime PaCO2 (44.6 +/- 4.2 versus 38.0 +/- 4.0 mm Hg; p less than 0.001), and lower VC and FEV1 (p less than 0.001). There was no difference between the 2 groups with regard to apnea index (62 +/- 34 versus 65 +/- 40) or the lowest sleep SaO2 (59 +/- 21 versus 66 +/- 18%) or the time spent in apnea. For the group as a whole, there was a good correlation between Ppa and daytime PaO2 (r = -0.61; p less than 0.001), PaCO2 (r = 0.55; p less than 0.001), and FEV1 (r = -0.52; p less than 0.001), but there was no significant correlation between Ppa and the apnea index, the lowest sleep SaO2, or the time spent in apnea.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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