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Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2019 Jul 30;13(5):2863-2868. doi: 10.1016/j.dsx.2019.07.059. [Epub ahead of print]

Higher dietary salt and inappropriate proportion of macronutrients consumption among people with diabetes and other co morbid conditions in South India: Estimation of salt intake with a formula.

Author information

1
M.V. Hospital for Diabetes and Prof. M. Viswanathan Diabetes Research Centre, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research, Education, Training in Diabetes, IDF Centre for Excellence in Diabetes Care, No 4, West Madha Church Street, Royapuram, Chennai, 600 013, India.
2
M.V. Hospital for Diabetes and Prof. M. Viswanathan Diabetes Research Centre, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research, Education, Training in Diabetes, IDF Centre for Excellence in Diabetes Care, No 4, West Madha Church Street, Royapuram, Chennai, 600 013, India. Electronic address: drvijay@mvdiabetes.com.

Abstract

AIM:

The present study analysed the regular salt and macronutrients consumption of South Indian population with diabetes, hypertension and renal dysfunction.

METHODS:

The cross sectional study was performed among 200 subjects, divided into four different groups consisted of control, subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) without any other complications, T2DM subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and T2DM subjects with hypertension (HTN). The dietary salt intake was estimated from 24-h urinary sodium excretion and the amount of macronutrients was calculated using 24-h dietary recall method.

RESULTS:

Out of 200 study subjects, only 28 (14%) were consuming salt as per the recommended levels by WHO (i.e., 5-6 g/day). Thirty-eight (19%) subjects were consuming more than 18 g of salt per day, 67 (33.5%) were consuming 12-18 g of salt per day and another 67 (33.5%) were found to be consuming salt in a range of 6-12 g/day. Calorie contribution from the carbohydrates was significantly high compared to the calories from the proteins. Fat consumption and its corresponding energy contribution were also high among HTN group subjects.

CONCLUSION:

Observations of the study point out to the requirement of nationwide intensive and persistent efforts to enhance the public awareness on salt reduction.

KEYWORDS:

Dietary protein; Dietary sodium; Renal dysfunction; Type 2 diabetes; Urinary sodium excretion

PMID:
31425949
DOI:
10.1016/j.dsx.2019.07.059

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