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Biochemistry. 1988 Aug 9;27(16):6046-54.

Mitochondrial DNA polymerase from Drosophila melanogaster embryos: kinetics, processivity, and fidelity of DNA polymerization.

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Department of Biochemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824.


The mitochondrial DNA polymerase from embryos of Drosophila melanogaster has been examined with regard to template-primer utilization, processivity, and fidelity of nucleotide polymerization. The enzyme replicates predominantly single-stranded and double-stranded DNAs: the rate of DNA synthesis is greatest on the gapped homopolymeric template poly(dA).oligo(dT), while the highest substrate specificity is observed on single-stranded DNA templates of natural DNA sequence. Kinetic experiments and direct physical analysis of DNA synthetic products indicate that the Drosophila DNA polymerase gamma polymerizes nucleotides by a quasi-processive mechanism. The mitochondrial enzyme demonstrates a high degree of accuracy in nucleotide incorporation which is nearly identical with that of the replicative DNA polymerase alpha from Drosophila embryos. Thus, the catalytic properties of the near-homogeneous Drosophila DNA polymerase gamma are consistent with the in vivo requirements for mitochondrial DNA synthesis as described in a variety of animal systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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