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Indian J Med Microbiol. 2019 Jan-Mar;37(1):116-119. doi: 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_19_111.

Molecular confirmation of the circulating Bacillus anthracis during outbreak of anthrax in different villages of Simdega District, Jharkhand.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, RIMS, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India.
2
Rajiv Gandhi Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Aims and Objectives:

Molecular confirmation of the circulating Bacillus anthracis during outbreak of anthrax in different villages of Simdega district, Jharkhand, India.

Materials and Methods:

Blood samples with swabs from skin lesions (eschar) were collected from the suspected cases of Anthrax from October 2014 to June 2016 from Simdega district, Jharkhand. All the swabs were inoculated on polymyxin lysozyme EDTA thallous acetate media, nutrient agar media as well as 5% sheep blood agar media. Gamma-phage lysis was done. DNA extraction was done using a QIAamp DNA Mini Kit (QIAGEN, Valencia, CA, USA) and subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using anthrax-specific primers.

Results:

On Gram and acid fast staining, purple rods and pink-coloured anthrax spores were detected. Capsular and M'Fadyean staining was done. Gamma-phage lysed B. anthracis culture. Of 39 suspected cases, 8 were culture and PCR positive and showed gamma-phage lysis. 3 deaths were reported.

Discussion and Conclusion:

The conventional and real-time PCR methods are suitable for both the clinical and the epidemiological practice.

KEYWORDS:

Bacillus anthracis; gamma-phase; outbreak; polymerase chain reaction

PMID:
31424022
DOI:
10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_19_111
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