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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1988 Aug;32(8):1208-12.

Rapid susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by bioluminescence assay of mycobacterial ATP.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Bacteriology, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.

Abstract

Mycobacterial growth was monitored by bioluminescence assay of mycobacterial ATP. Cultures of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv and of 25 clinical isolates of the same species were exposed to serial dilutions of ethambutol, isoniazid, rifampin, and streptomycin. A suppression of ATP, indicating growth inhibition, occurred for susceptible but not resistant strains within 5 to 7 days of incubation. Breakpoint concentrations between susceptibility and resistance were determined by comparing these results with those obtained by reference techniques. Full agreement was found in 99% of the assays with the resistance ratio method on Lowenstein-Jensen medium, and 98% of the assays were in full agreement with the radiometric system (BACTEC). A main advantage of the bioluminescence method is its rapidity, with results available as fast as with the radiometric system but at a lower cost and without the need for radioactive culture medium. The method provides kinetic data concerning drug effects within available in vivo drug concentrations and has great potential for both rapid routine susceptibility testing and research applications in studies of drug effects on mycobacteria.

PMID:
3142348
PMCID:
PMC172378
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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