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Anal Biochem. 1988 Sep;173(2):359-67.

Purification of a murine leukemia inhibitory factor from Krebs ascites cells.

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Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Royal Melbourne Hospital Victoria, Australia.


A factor capable of inducing terminal differentiation in the murine myeloid leukemia cell line M1 has been purified to apparent homogeneity from the medium conditioned by Krebs II ascites tumor cells. The factor, termed leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a single chain glycoprotein of apparent Mr 58,000 which induces differentiation and inhibits proliferation of the M1 cell line but not the WEHI-3B D+ murine myeloid leukemic cell line and has no detectable proliferative activity on normal myeloid progenitor cells. It was purified using four successive high-efficiency purification steps--anion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose; cation-exchange chromatography on CM-Sepharose; affinity chromatography on lentil lectin-Sepharose; and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography on a phenyl-silica matrix--to a specific biological activity of approximately 1.25 X 10(8) units/mg with an overall purification of 12,000-fold and a yield of 73% for the activity failing to bind to DEAE-Sepharose. Sufficient quantities of the factor (12 micrograms, 200 pmol) have been purified to allow structural and functional analysis of the molecule and comparison with other know differentiation inducers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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