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J Autism Dev Disord. 2019 Aug 16. doi: 10.1007/s10803-019-04163-1. [Epub ahead of print]

Trustworthiness and Dominance Personality Traits' Judgments in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Latimier A1,2, Kovarski K3,4,5,6, Peyre H7,8,9, Fernandez LG3, Gras D3,10,11, Leboyer M11,12, Zalla T3,11.

Author information

1
Institut Jean Nicod, ENS, EHESS, CNRS, PSL University, Paris, France. alice.latimier@ens.fr.
2
Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, ENS, EHESS, CNRS, PSL University, Paris, France. alice.latimier@ens.fr.
3
Institut Jean Nicod, ENS, EHESS, CNRS, PSL University, Paris, France.
4
Fondation Ophtalmologique A. de Rothschild, Paris, France.
5
CNRS (Integrative Neuroscience and Cognition Center, UMR 8002), Paris, France.
6
Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.
7
Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, ENS, EHESS, CNRS, PSL University, Paris, France.
8
Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UMRS 1141, Paris, France.
9
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Robert Debré Hospital, Paris, France.
10
Laboratoire de Linguistique Formelle, UMR 7110, CNRS, Comue USPC, Paris, France.
11
Fondation FondaMental, French National Science Foundation, Créteil, France.
12
AP-HP, DHU PePSy, Department of Psychiatry, Henri Mondor University Hospital, Inserm U 955, Créteil, France.

Abstract

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by impairments in social functioning, communication, and by the presence of repetitive behaviours and restricted interests. Abnormal processing of faces has also been described as a neuropsychological feature of ASD. We investigated the ability to judge two personality traits in adults with ASD in comparison to typically developed adults (TD). We used an eye tracking device to investigate the exploration of faces when participants judged the degree of trustworthiness and dominance of synthetic faces. In sum, we found that adults with ASD were as capable as TD adults to judge personality traits of face trustworthiness and dominance, which relied on similar exploration of the synthetic faces in the two populations.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02628808.

KEYWORDS:

ASD; Eye-tracking; Face processing; Personality traits

PMID:
31418129
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-019-04163-1

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