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Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2019 Dec;74(4):461-467. doi: 10.1007/s11130-019-00763-5.

Effects of Undaria pinnatifida (Wakame) on Postprandial Glycemia and Insulin Levels in Humans: a Randomized Crossover Trial.

Author information

1
Health Care Unit, Riken Vitamin Co., Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan. kei_yoshinaga@rike-vita.co.jp.
2
Faculty of Human Life Sciences, Fuji Women's University, Ishikari-shi, Hokkaido, Japan.

Abstract

Postprandial hyperglycemia is a known risk factor for the development of several health disorders, including type 2 diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to investigate the acute effect of Undaria pinnatifida (Wakame), a discriminative constituent of the Japanese diet, on postprandial blood glucose and insulin levels. The study was conducted using a crossover method among 26 subjects. Blood was sampled for glucose and insulin measurements at 0, 30, 60, 90 and 120 min after a subject consumed either 200 g of rice or 200 g rice with 4 g of dried wakame. Blood glucose and insulin levels were significantly lower at 30 min after consuming rice with wakame than after consuming rice alone. Moreover, the incremental areas under the curves for glucose and insulin were lower when wakame was included. Wakame intake can improve postprandial glucose homeostasis. Wakame intake may offer a simple behavioural strategy that can reduce glycemic excursions in prediabetes. This study was registered with the UMIN Clinical Trial Registry (UMIN000031050).

KEYWORDS:

Glucose; Hyperglycemia; Insulin; Postprandial glycemia; Undaria pinnatifida; Wakame

PMID:
31418121
DOI:
10.1007/s11130-019-00763-5

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