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Sci Rep. 2019 Aug 15;9(1):11888. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-48375-y.

Left ventricular mass estimation by real-time 3D echocardiography favourably competes with CMR in congenital left ventricular disease.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria. miriam.michel@i-med.ac.at.
2
Center for Congenital Heart Defects, Heart and Diabetes Center North-Rhine Westphalia, Ruhr-University of Bochum, Bad Oeynhausen, Germany. miriam.michel@i-med.ac.at.
3
Center for Congenital Heart Defects, Heart and Diabetes Center North-Rhine Westphalia, Ruhr-University of Bochum, Bad Oeynhausen, Germany.
4
Institute for Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Heart and Diabetes Center Northrhine-Westphalia, Ruhr-University of Bochum, Bad Oeynhausen, Germany.
5
Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Abstract

Assessment of left ventricular mass (LVM) is important in the evaluation of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is the gold standard. Recent software allows LVM calculation by real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE). We investigated the impact of different software analysis tools on LVM determination by CMR or RT3DE in a cohort of patients with heterogeneous left ventricular (LV) disease. 37 subjects (17 patients, mean age 18.7 y; 20 controls, mean age 13.2 y) underwent CMR and RT3DE. CMR LVM and RT3DE calculations were done using two different LV-analysis software packages for each modality: CMR i) customized software "CMR HDZ", CMR ii) "CMR ISP"; RT3DE i) "Toshiba", RT3DE ii) "Tomtec", 4D LV-Analysis Version 3.1 (built 3.1.0.258661). Intra- and interobserver variabilities were calculated. Only RT3DE-derived LVM showed significant software-dependent differences. RT3DE-derived LVM (both softwares) was significantly higher than CMR-derived LVM (both softwares). The two different methods and four evaluation software packages for LVM assessment were well correlated with each other. Intra- and interobserver variability of LVM as assessed by each single modality or software was low. Despite software dependency and overestimation of RT3DE-assessed LVM by 5 to 10%, RT3DE still competes with the gold standard, CMR, even in patients with various forms of LV disease. The use of optimized software, especially for RT3DE, should improve the accuracy of LVM assessment, overcoming LVM overestimation.

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