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PLoS One. 2019 Aug 15;14(8):e0220918. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0220918. eCollection 2019.

Structural and functional analysis of the Acinetobacter baumannii BlsA photoreceptor and regulatory protein.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, United States of America.
2
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, United States of America.

Abstract

The Acinetobacter baumannii BlsA photoreceptor has an N-terminal (NT) BLUF domain and a C-terminal (CT) amino acid sequence with no significant homology to characterized bacterial proteins. In this study, we tested the biological role of specific residues located in these BlsA regions. Site-directed mutagenesis, surface motility assays at 24°C and protein overexpression showed that residues Y7, Q51 and W92 are essential for not only light-regulated motility, but also BlsA's solubility when overexpressed in a heterologous host. In contrast, residues A29 and F32, the latter representing a difference when compared with other BLUF-containing photoreceptors, do not play a major role in BlsA's biological functions. Analysis of the CT region showed that the deletion of the last five BlsA residues has no significant effect on the protein's light-sensing and motility regulatory functions, but the deletion of the last 14 residues as well as K144E and K145E substitutions significantly alter light-regulated motility responses. In contrast to the NT mutants, these CT derivatives were overexpressed and purified to homogeneity to demonstrate that although these mutations do not significantly affect flavin binding and photocycling, they do affect BlsA's photodynamic properties. Notably, these mutations map within a potential fifth α-helical component that could play a role in predicted interactions between regulatory partners and BlsA, which could function as a monomer according to gel filtration data. All these observations indicate that although BlsA shares common structural and functional properties with unrelated photoreceptors, it also exhibits unique features that make it a distinct BLUF photoreceptor.

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