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Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Aug;98(33):e16749. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000016749.

Whole genome sequencing analysis of a dexamethasone-degrading Burkholderia strain CQ001.

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The Third People's Hospital of Suining, Suining.
Department of Pathogenic Biology, Basic Medical College, Chongqing Medical University.
Pharmaceutical Experimental Teaching Center, Chongqing Medical University.
Class of 2016, Clinical Medicine, Chongqing Medical University.
Department of Immunology, Basic Medical College, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, PR China.


This study is to analyze the functional genes and metabolic pathways of dexamethasone degradation in Burkholderia through genome sequencing.A new Burkholderia sp. CQQ001 (B. CQ001) with dexamethasone degrading activity was isolated from the hospital wastewater and sequenced using Illumina Hiseq4000 combined with the third-generation sequencing technology. The genomes were assembled, annotated, and genomically mapped. Compared with six Burkholderia strains with typical features and four Burkholderia strains with special metabolic ability, the functional genes and metabolic pathways of dexamethasone degradation were analyzed and confirmed by RT-qPCR.Genome of B. CQ001 was 7,660,596 bp long with 6 ring chromosomes. The genes related to material metabolism accounted for 80.15%. These metabolism related genes could participate in 117 metabolic pathways and cover various microbial metabolic pathways in different environments and decomposition pathways of secondary metabolites, especially the degradation of aromatic compounds. The steroidal metabolic pathway containing 1 ABC transporter and 9 key metabolic enzymes related genes were scattered in the genome. Among them, the ABC transporter, KshA, and KshB increased significantly under the culture conditions of dexamethasone sodium phosphate as carbon source.B. CQ001 is a bacterium with strong metabolic function and rich metabolic pathways. It has the potential to degrade aromatics and other exogenous chemicals and contains genes for steroid metabolism. Our study enriches the genetic information of Burkholderia and provides information for the application of Burkholderia in bioremediation and steroid medicine production.

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