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J Autism Dev Disord. 2019 Nov;49(11):4488-4497. doi: 10.1007/s10803-019-04178-8.

A Pilot Study Investigating the Feasibility and Acceptability of a Parent-Only Behavioral Weight-Loss Treatment for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, CA, 94305-5722, USA. bmatheson@stanford.edu.
2
Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, 316 Physics Road, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.
3
Child & Adolescent Services Research Center, 3665 Kearny Villa Road, Suite 200N, San Diego, CA, 92123, USA.
4
Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, 8950 Villa La Jolla Drive, Suite C-203, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.
5
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 8950 Villa La Jolla Drive, Suite C-203, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.

Abstract

Evidence-based weight-loss treatments for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are lacking. Therefore, a parent-based weight-loss treatment for children with ASD (PBT-ASD) was developed. A pilot study was conducted to test the initial efficacy, feasibility, and acceptability of this intervention. Parents of 20 children with ASD and overweight/obesity (mean age = 9.90 (SD = 2.31) years; 90% male; 40% Hispanic) participated in a 16-session PBT-ASD. The PBT-ASD program was found to be feasible and acceptable. Both children and parents lost weight from pre- to post-treatment (p's < .05). Parent-reported child physical activity and vegetable consumption increased at post-treatment (p's < .05). This pilot study provides a proof-of-concept for PBT-ASD. Randomized controlled trials with larger samples and follow-up are needed.

KEYWORDS:

Autism spectrum disorder; Obesity; Parent training; Weight-loss

PMID:
31414266
PMCID:
PMC6943914
[Available on 2020-05-01]
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-019-04178-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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