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Clin Ophthalmol. 2019 Jul 24;13:1323-1329. doi: 10.2147/OPTH.S184706. eCollection 2019.

Brolucizumab: evidence to date in the treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute/University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.
2
Luesther T. Mertz Retinal Research Center, Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, New York, NY, USA.
3
Vitreous Retina Macula Consultants of New York, New York, NY, USA.
4
Department of Ophthalmology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a global health concern and the leading cause of vision loss in the developed world. Intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy has revolutionized the treatment of neovascular AMD, but there are still challenges with delivery of care and treatment burden with currently available medications. Brolucizumab is a single-chain antibody fragment inhibitor of all isoforms of VEGF-A. Its small molecular weight allows for high solubility and tissue penetration. Brolucizumab has most recently been evaluated in 2 parallel phase 3 randomized controlled trials which demonstrated its safety and efficacy in an extended dosing regimen. The present review summarizes the safety, visual and anatomic outcomes, and durability of brolucizumab in the treatment of neovascular AMD and discusses some of the extended dosing regimens explored with currently approved medications and other therapies still under clinical investigation.

KEYWORDS:

brolucizumab; neovascular age-related macular degeneration; vascular endothelial growth factor

Conflict of interest statement

K Bailey Freund is a consultant for Optovue, Allergan, Heidelberg Engineering, Zeiss, and Novartis. He also receives research support from Genentech/Roche. The authors report no other conflicts of interest in this work.

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