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Urol Ann. 2019 Jul-Sep;11(3):324-327. doi: 10.4103/UA.UA_84_18.

Placenta percreta with bladder invasion: The armamentarium available in its management.

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1
Department of Urology, Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

Placenta percreta is a rare life-threatening condition associated with high morbidity and mortality due to severe obstetric hemorrhage. It can be associated with bladder invasion which leads to hematuria. Treatment is decided on a case-to-case basis, and there have been no guidelines proposed so far. Strategies include obstetric hysterectomy, leaving the placenta in situ with postoperative methotrexate therapy and removal of the placenta with bladder reconstruction in a single stage. An unusual case of a patient with placenta percreta and bladder invasion who presented with delayed hematuria after the placenta was left in situ has been reported. The patient was managed conservatively for 10 days postdelivery after which a decision to do an obstetric hysterectomy with focal cystectomy was taken in view of persistent hematuria. An algorithm for managing cases of placenta percreta with bladder invasion has been proposed to manage these difficult situations.

KEYWORDS:

Bladder invasion; hematuria; placenta percreta

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