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Urol Ann. 2019 Jul-Sep;11(3):276-281. doi: 10.4103/UA.UA_110_18.

Ureteral stricture after ureteroscopy for stones: A prospective study for the incidence and risk factors.

Author information

Department of Urology, Urology and Nephrology Hospital, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt.



A ureteral stricture is a serious complication of ureteroscopy (URS) that was reported in the literature in highly variable rates from 0.2% to 24%.


Our aims are to estimate the incidence and to detect the risk factors of ureteral stricture after URS.

Settings and Design:

This is a prospective, case-series study.

Materials and Methods:

During the period from May 2015 to August 2016, 251 adult patients underwent 263 URS for the treatment of 304 ureteral stones. Postoperative regular follow-up was done for 12 months by ultrasound. Computed tomography urography and diuretic renogram were performed for the cases developed hydronephrosis to confirm and detect the level of the stricture.

Statistical Analysis:

IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 19.0, Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. used for data analysis. Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were used to compare between qualitative variables. Mann-Whitney test was used to compare between two quantitative variables in case of nonparametric data. Multiple logistic regression analysis was done to measure the risk factors. P value was considered statistically significant when <0.05.


The mean age was 43.5 years (standard deviation [SD]: ±13.6), and the mean body mass index was 28.39 (±3.96). The mean total stone burden was 12.8 mm (SD: ±5.9). Bilateral URS was performed in 12 cases. The mean operative time was 54.8 min (SD: ±22.68). Initial and final stone-free rates were 83.3% and 100%, respectively. The overall complications rate was 28.1%. Stricture occurred in four cases (1.5%).


In our experience, the incidence of post-URS ureteral stricture is low. The impacted stone is the most common cause of URS complications and hence stricture formation.


Ureteral stones; ureteral stricture; ureteroscopy

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