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J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2019 Apr-Jun;12(2):105-111. doi: 10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_136_18.

Noncultured Extracted Hair Follicle Outer Root Sheath Cell Suspension versus Noncultured Epidermal Cell Suspension in the Treatment of Stable Vitiligo.

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1
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt.

Abstract

Background:

Various treatment modalities exist for vitiligo, yet none of them are curative. Vitiligo is still considered a challenging disease to manage. Surgical treatment offers an excellent option for patients with stable vitiligo, especially those who fail to respond to medical treatment. Cell suspension techniques carry the advantage of covering large surface areas.

Objective:

To compare noncultured extracted hair follicle outer root sheath cell suspension (NCORSHFS) and noncultured epidermal cell suspension (NCES) in producing repigmentation.

Subjects and Methods:

Twenty patients were randomly allocated into two groups. They were objectively evaluated for the extent of repigmentation (after 1, 2, and 3 months), complications, cosmetic outcome, and satisfaction.

Results:

In NCORSHFS group, 10% showed excellent pigmentation, 20% showed good pigmentation, 50% fair, and 20% poor pigmentation. In NCES group, 10% showed excellent pigmentation, 10% good pigmentation, 40% fair, and 40% poor pigmentation. This difference was not statistically significant. Excellent color match was observed in 80% of NCORSHFS and in 70% of NCES. Donor area complications were absent in NCORSHFS group, whereas in NCES, mild scarring in 20% and hyperpigmentation in 40% of patients was observed. The difference in patients' satisfaction between the two groups was not statistically significant.

Conclusion:

Both NCORSHFS and NCES are effective in producing good repigmentation with perfect color match and patients' satisfaction. NCORSHFS has no donor area complications because it is a scarless procedure.

KEYWORDS:

Dermatologic surgery; pigmentation; vitiligo

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