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Trials. 2019 Aug 14;20(1):504. doi: 10.1186/s13063-019-3586-y.

Regional cerebral oxygen saturation and postoperative delirium in endovascular surgery: a prospective cohort study.

Wang X1,2,3, Feng K1,2,3, Liu H1,2,3, Liu Y4, Ye M5, Zhao G6,7,8,9, Wang T10,11,12.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100053, China.
2
Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing, China.
3
National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders, Beijing, China.
4
Department of Cardiac surgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100053, China.
5
Department of Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100053, China.
6
Department of Anesthesiology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100053, China. ggzhao@vip.sina.com.
7
Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing, China. ggzhao@vip.sina.com.
8
National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders, Beijing, China. ggzhao@vip.sina.com.
9
Department of Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100053, China. ggzhao@vip.sina.com.
10
Department of Anesthesiology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100053, China. w_tl5595@yahoo.com.
11
Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing, China. w_tl5595@yahoo.com.
12
National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders, Beijing, China. w_tl5595@yahoo.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Delirium is an acute mental disorder and common postoperative complication. Monitoring regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) in endovascular therapeutic surgery may allow real-time monitoring of cerebral desaturation, avoiding profound cerebral dysfunction, and reducing the incidence of delirium. We sought to examine the incidence of delirium in patients undergoing endovascular surgery.

METHODS:

This was a clinical cohort trial (registered with http://www.clinicaltrials.gov [NCT02356133]). We monitored the rSO2 of 43 patients undergoing general anesthesia and cerebral endovascular surgery. The occurrence of delirium after surgery was recorded with the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM). Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify the main predictor of delirium.

RESULTS:

rSO2 was significantly different between the delirium and no-delirium groups. The occurrence of delirium was 35% in our cohort, and higher rSO2 desaturation scores were significantly associated with profound delirium (higher CAM score; odds ratio = 1.002; P = 0.021). The maximum declines of systolic blood pressure were 24.86 (21.78-27.93) and 32.98 (28.78-37.19) in the no-delirium and delirium groups, respectively, which were significantly different (P = 0.002) but not closely associated with delirium in multivariate analysis (P = 0.512). Anesthesia, mechanical ventilation duration, and having two vascular risk factors differed significantly between groups but were poorly associated with delirium outcome.

CONCLUSIONS:

Elevated rSO2 desaturation score was predictive of the occurrence of postoperative delirium following endovascular surgery. Monitoring rSO2 is invaluable for managing controlled hypotension during endovascular surgery and reducing postoperative delirium.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02356133 . Registered 1 February 2015. All statistical analysis results submitted August 4, 2018.

KEYWORDS:

Delirium; Regional cerebral oxygen saturation; rSO2

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