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J Autism Dev Disord. 2019 Aug 13. doi: 10.1007/s10803-019-04169-9. [Epub ahead of print]

The 2-Year Course of Internet Addiction Among a Japanese Adolescent Psychiatric Clinic Sample with Autism Spectrum Disorder and/or Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Okayama Psychiatric Medical Center, 3-16 Shikatahonmachi, Kita Ward, Okayama, 700-0915, Japan. nexttext@gmail.com.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Saitama Prefectural Psychiatric Hospital, Saitama, Japan.
3
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, USA.
4
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Japan.
5
Department of Psychiatry, Okayama Psychiatric Medical Center, 3-16 Shikatahonmachi, Kita Ward, Okayama, 700-0915, Japan.
6
Okayama Child Counseling Center, Okayama, Japan.
7
Okayama Center for Developmental Disorders, Okayama, Japan.
8
Department of Psychiatry, Shimane University School of Medicine, Shimane, Japan.

Abstract

Internet addiction (IA) has been reported as prevalent in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the course of IA in this population has not been elucidated. The authors performed a 2-year follow-up study including 89 out of 132 adolescents with ASD and/or ADHD in a psychiatric clinical setting who participated in the original cross-sectional study assessing IA prevalence. Within this sample of participants from both the original and the follow-up study, results showed a 2-year IA remission and incidence rate of 60% and 5%, respectively. Our findings imply that the course of IA in psychiatric populations with ASD and/or ADHD might be similar to reports from previous studies with general adolescent populations.

KEYWORDS:

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder; Autism spectrum disorder; Health-related quality of life; Internet addiction; Prognosis

PMID:
31410697
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-019-04169-9

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