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Cancer Lett. 1988 Sep-Oct;42(1-2):49-59.

Inactivity of fecapentaene-12 as a rodent carcinogen or tumor initiator.

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Laboratory of Comparative Carcinogenesis, Frederick Cancer Research Facility, MD 21701.


The possible carcinogenic activity of synthetic fecapentaene-12 (FP-12) was studied in several mammalian test systems: (a) for carcinogenicity by intrarectal instillation in male F344/NCr rats as well as by intrarectal and subcutaneous application in male B6C3F1 mice; (b) for initiation by skin painting in female SENCAR mice followed by repeated applications of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) followed by TPA as positive control; (c) in a rat subcutaneous granuloma pouch assay in which mutagenicity was measured by induction of 6-thioguanine (6-TG) resistance and carcinogenicity was determined by induction of subcutaneous tumors in the pouch. There was no significant increase in tumor incidence after 72-78 weeks in test (a), although 2 rats receiving FP-12 intrarectally developed colon polyps. FP-12 did not initiate any skin tumors in test (b), nor did it significantly convert DMBA-initiated papillomas into carcinomas when 8 of the positive control mice were given FP-12 weekly for 10 weeks after 10 weeks on the DMBA-TPA regimen. Although FP-12 and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) were comparably mutagenic in test (c), FP-12 induced no tumors after more than a year in 133 rats at risk while MNNG induced 7 tumors in 107 rats. These rodent assays provide no evidence that FP-12 is a strong carcinogen, although the possibility remains that it may possess weak carcinogenic activity not revealed by these experiments.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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