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Pharmacol Rep. 2019 Mar 23;71(5):862-869. doi: 10.1016/j.pharep.2019.03.011. [Epub ahead of print]

The interaction between resveratrol and two forms of copper as carbonate and nanoparticles on antioxidant mechanisms and vascular function in Wistar rats.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, UWM, Olsztyn, Poland. Electronic address: michal.majewski@uwm.edu.pl.
2
Department of Biochemistry and Toxicology, Faculty of Biology, Animal Sciences and Bioeconomy, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland.
3
Division of Food Science, Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Olsztyn, Poland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Experimental studies have emphasized that cardiovascular alterations can be improved by the long-term use of resveratrol (trans-3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene; RSV) as well as dietary copper (Cu) intake.

METHODS:

Male Wistar rats were supplemented for 8 weeks with Cu (6.5 mg/kg diet) as either nanoparticles (40 nm, CuNPs) or carbonate (CuCO3). Half of the studied animals were supplemented with RSV (500 mg/kg diet). Vascular function and blood plasma antioxidant status, expressed as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were analyzed. The activity of ceruloplasmin (Cp), lipid profile, fasting glucose, and concentrations of Cu and zinc (Zn) were analyzed.

RESULTS:

RSV supplementation resulted in the elevated activity of SOD and decreased CAT, GPx and LDL-cholesterol in both groups. RSV supplementation on CuNPs increased the participation of vasoconstrictor prostanoids and decreased ACh-induced vasodilation, while the participation of hyperpolarizing mechanism(s) was restored by activating KATP channels. Blood plasma glucose was decreased. RSV supplementation on CuCO3 enhanced ACh- and SNP-induced vasodilation and decreased NA-induced vasoconstriction. The lipid profile was improved, as well as Zn concentration. Meanwhile, Cu and Cp, and the markers of lipid peroxidation, reflected as LOOH and MDA, were decreased.

CONCLUSION:

The use of RSV during CuCO3 intake improves vascular responses, the lipid profile and the antioxidant mechanism(s). The beneficial role of RSV was not observed in the CuNP group and decreased ACh-induced vasodilation and increased participation of vasoconstrictor prostanoids in the vascular regulation were noticed.

KEYWORDS:

Antioxidant status; Copper nanoparticles; Potassium channels; Resveratrol; Thoracic aorta

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