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Pain. 2019 Dec;160(12):2776-2786. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001676.

Dynamic functional connectivity of the migraine brain: a resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging study.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2
Neuroscience Center, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Korea.
4
Center for Neuroscience Imaging Research, Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Suwon, Korea.
5
School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Korea.
6
Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Migraine headache is an episodic phenomenon, and patients with episodic migraine have ictal (headache), peri-ictal (premonitory, aura, and postdrome), and interictal (asymptomatic) phases. We aimed to find the functional characteristics of the migraine brain regardless of headache phase using dynamic functional connectivity analysis. We prospectively recruited 50 patients with migraine and 50 age- and sex-matched controls. All subjects underwent a resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Significant networks were defined in a data-driven fashion from the interictal (>48 hours apart from headache phases) patients and matched controls (interictal data set) and tested to ictal or peri-ictal patients and controls (ictal/peri-ictal data set). Both static and dynamic analyses were used for the between-group comparison. A false discovery rate correction was performed. As a result, the static analysis did not reveal a network which was significant in both interictal and ictal/peri-ictal data sets. Dynamic analysis revealed significant between-group differences in 7 brain networks in the interictal data set, among which a frontoparietal network (controls > patients, P = 0.0467), 2 brainstem networks (patients > controls, P = 0.0467 and <0.001), and a cerebellar network (controls > patients, P = 0.0408 and <0.001 in 2 states) remained significant in the ictal/peri-ictal data set. Using these networks, migraine was classified with a sensitivity of 0.70 and specificity of 0.76 in the ictal/peri-ictal data set. In conclusion, the dynamic connectivity analysis revealed more functional networks related to migraine than the conventional static analysis, suggesting a substantial temporal fluctuation in functional characteristics. Our data also revealed migraine-related networks which show significant difference regardless of headache phases between patients and controls.

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