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J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2019 Aug 9. pii: S1544-3191(19)30335-8. doi: 10.1016/j.japh.2019.07.001. [Epub ahead of print]

Facilitating pandemic influenza vaccination implementation in grocery store chain community pharmacies.



The objective of this study was to determine strategies to implement influenza pandemic vaccinations effectively at grocery store chain community pharmacies.


Clinical pharmacy coordinators and pharmacy managers representing 3 grocery store chain community pharmacies across Pennsylvania were identified for participation in semistructured telephone interviews. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed. Transcripts were independently coded by 2 investigators and coding discrepancies were resolved. A thematic analysis was conducted, and supporting quotes were selected for each theme.


Twelve pharmacists participated in the interviews, which were conducted from September 2016 to November 2017. Five key themes were identified: (1) mobilize pharmacy staff members to specific locations to prepare for a high volume of vaccinations; (2) implement vaccination clinics during high-volume scenarios; (3) utilize nonpharmacy spaces to increase vaccination capabilities; (4) determine vaccine distribution by highest risk populations that each pharmacy serves; and (5) conduct training customized to the pharmacy chain that supplements national pandemic influenza training.


Grocery store chain community pharmacies are desirable sites for pandemic vaccination because of a variety of factors, such as space and staffing flexibility. Developing a pandemic vaccination plan will enable community pharmacists to contribute more effectively during influenza pandemics.


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