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Int J Cardiol. 2019 Nov 15;295:48-55. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.07.079. Epub 2019 Jul 29.

Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease: Facts and research progress in Africa.

Author information

1
Hatter Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases Research in Africa, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
2
Hatter Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases Research in Africa, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; Division of Paediatric Cardiology, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
3
Hatter Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases Research in Africa, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; Mary McKillop Institute, ACU, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: Karen.Sliwa-Hahnle@uct.ac.za.

Abstract

In recent years, the devastating effect of rheumatic fever (RF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in Africa has been acknowledged by Institutions such as the Pan-African Society of Cardiology, the African Union Commission, and the World Health Organization. Key priorities set to eradicate RF and RHD include diagnosing and managing RF and RHD, building registries, improving adequate supplies of benzathine penicillin, reproductive health services, and cardiac surgery, developing multi-sectoral RHD awareness programmes, understanding RHD pathogenesis and fostering international partnership for resource mobilization. There were volumes of peer reviewed publications focusing on the key priorities to fight RHD in different parts to Africa; both individually as well as through international collaborations. This article analyzed findings and reports from 1961 to 2018 on efforts to eradicate RF and RHD in Africa.

KEYWORDS:

Africa; Rheumatic fever; Rheumatic heart disease

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