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Retin Cases Brief Rep. 2019 Aug 9. doi: 10.1097/ICB.0000000000000905. [Epub ahead of print]

VITREOUS AND PRERETINAL SEEDING AFTER TRANSVITREAL FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION BIOPSY OF CHOROIDAL MELANOMA.

Author information

1
Ocular Oncology Service.
2
Pathology Department, Wills Eye Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE:

To report vitreous and epiretinal seeding of choroidal melanoma after transvitreal fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB).

METHODS:

A 74-year-old Caucasian man with a medium-sized, dome-shaped choroidal melanoma without Bruch membrane rupture, retinal invasion, or vitreous seeding. Transvitreal FNAB was performed for cytopathologic evaluation using a long 27-gauge needle attached to a 10-mL syringe by connector tubing. After passing through the pars plana, vitreous cavity, neurosensory retina, and Bruch membrane, the needle was inserted into the tumor and aspiration was performed.

RESULTS:

Cytopathologic evaluation revealed spindle B melanoma cells, and the tumor was subsequently treated with an 18-mm round Iodine-125 radioactive plaque delivering a tumor apex radiation dose of 7,000 cGy. Transscleral FNAB for cytogenetic evaluation performed at the time of plaque application disclosed chromosome three monosomy and chromosome six and eight disomy. Vitreous pigmented cells were first noted 14 months after brachytherapy. Funduscopy and optical coherence tomography at 24 months after plaque radiotherapy showed extensive vitreous and preretinal pigmented seeding that completely covered the optic disk. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the vitreous confirmed the presence of malignant melanoma cells, and the right eye was enucleated. Histopathologic evaluation showed a totally necrotic choroidal melanoma and an extensive malignant epiretinal membrane that covered and extended into the substance of the optic nerve head and focally invaded the neurosensory retina. The patient developed liver metastasis 3 years after the initial presentation and died 10 months later.

CONCLUSION:

This case demonstrates the rare development of extensive vitreous and preretinal seeding with retinal and optic nerve invasion after transvitreal FNAB of choroidal melanoma.

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