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Scand J Gastroenterol. 1988 Aug;23(6):650-4.

Prostaglandin E analogue inhibition of intrinsic factor release.

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Dept. of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, West Haven, Connecticut 06516.


In many mammalian species (including humans) the parietal cell secretes both acid and intrinsic factor (IF). The aim of this study was to examine the direct effect of prostaglandin E analogues on basal and stimulated IF release in isolated, enriched rabbit parietal cells. The effects of graded concentrations (10(-12) to 10(-6) M) of 16,16-dimethyl prostaglandin E2 (DMPGE2) and 16-methyl,16-hydroxyl prostaglandin E1 (misoprostol) on submaximal histamine-stimulated (10(-6) M) secretion were tested. Both analogues failed to alter basal release of IF or aminopyrine accumulation (indirect measure of acid secretion). Increasing concentrations of DMPGE2 resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of IF release (22 +/- 8% decrease at 10(-9) M; p less than 0.05) and a maximal effective response at 10(-7) M (54 +/- 9%; p less than 0.005). Dose-dependent inhibition of IF secretion was also observed with increasing concentrations of misoprostol, with a 22 +/- 7% decrease at 10(-9) M (p less than 0.05) and maximal effective inhibition at 10(-6) M (47 +/- 8%; p less than 0.01). Misoprostol and DMPGE2 inhibition of acid secretion paralleled IF release. Prostaglandin analogues appear to block IF release potently in histamine-stimulated parietal cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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