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J Vis Exp. 2019 Jul 29;(149). doi: 10.3791/60019.

Discrimintion and Mapping of the Primary and Processed Transcripts in Maize Mitochondrion Using a Circular RT-PCR-based Strategy.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-Bioresources, South China Agricultural University; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Breeding, College of Agriculture, South China Agricultural University; yafeng_zhang@scau.edu.cn.
2
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Breeding, College of Agriculture, South China Agricultural University.
3
State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-Bioresources, South China Agricultural University; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Breeding, College of Agriculture, South China Agricultural University.
4
State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-Bioresources, South China Agricultural University; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Breeding, College of Agriculture, South China Agricultural University; hnian@scau.edu.cn.

Abstract

In plant mitochondria, some steady-state transcripts have 5' triphosphate derived from transcription initiation (primary transcripts), while the others contain 5' monophosphate generated post-transcriptionally (processed transcripts). To discriminate between the two types of transcripts, several strategies have been developed, and most of them depend on presence/absence of 5' triphosphate. However, the triphosphate at primary 5' termini is unstable, and it hinders a clear discrimination of the two types of transcripts. To systematically differentiate and map the primary and processed transcripts stably accumulated in maize mitochondrion, we have developed a circular RT-PCR (cRT-PCR)-based strategy by combining cRT-PCR, RNA 5' polyphoshpatase treatment, quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR), and Northern blot. As an improvement, this strategy includes an RNA normalization step to minimize the influence of unstable 5' triphosphate. In this protocol, the enriched mitochondrial RNA is pre-treated by RNA 5' polyphosphatase, which converts 5' triphsophate to monophosphate. After circularization and reverse transcription, the two cDNAs derived from 5' polyphosphatase-treated and non-treated RNAs are normalized by maize 26S mature rRNA, which has a processed 5' end and is insensitive to 5' polyphosphatase. After normalization, the primary and processed transcripts are discriminated by comparing cRT-PCR and RT-qPCR products obtained from the treated and non-treated RNAs. The transcript termini are determined by cloning and sequencing of the cRT-PCR products, and then verified by Northern blot. By using this strategy, most steady-state transcripts in maize mitochondrion have been determined. Due to the complicated transcript pattern of some mitochondrial genes, a few steady-state transcripts were not differentiated and/or mapped, though they were detected in a Northern blot. We are not sure whether this strategy is suitable to discriminate and map the steady-state transcripts in other plant mitochondria or in plastids.

PMID:
31403631
DOI:
10.3791/60019

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